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A large corpus of research material exists on the life and compositions of Thyagaraja, the beloved composer of Carnatic music. Every student of the music, however, has a personal relationship with the work of the saint composer. This study provides a top-level analysis of Thyagaraja’s work, examining how he proportionately combined the philosophies he espoused, with specific musical techniques, in creating a composition. The purpose of the study is to motivate the listener to experience the music in a comprehensive and balanced manner. We present a few unique aspects of Thyagaraja’s contributions, including his treatment of ragas and talas, the diversity and complexity of the compositional style he employed, and the factors that influenced the content and philosophy of his work.